Hi! My name is Fred Braimah, a Field Manager at the Literacy Bridge office in Ghana.
In Ghana, especially in the Jirapa district of the Upper West Region, about 65% of the total population depends on farming for a living. However farming in the Jirapa district over the past years has been faced with numerous challenges, such as lack of infrastructure (telephone, electricity, road network etc.), inadequate financial power, illiteracy (majority of these farmers cannot read or write in any language), limited number of extension workers (the ratio of agricultural extension workers to farmers is low), poor radio and TV reception in most villages, and more.
To improve farming and increase productivity, the Ghana Food and Agriculture Development Policy (FASDEP) has identified educating farmers to adapt to new and advance techniques of farming and increased agriculture extension services as some of the best ways to improve agriculture production in Ghana. However due to the low number of agricultural extension workers, some farmers have never seen an agriculture extension officer. In addressing this, Literacy Bridge’s Talking Book Program is acting as an intermediary between the farmers and agricultural extension workers.
Over the years Literacy Bridge, in partnership with Ministry of Food and Agriculture in the Jirapa District, have been sending out messages on modern techniques of farming including land preparation in ridges to rural farmers who have no access to agriculture extension services.
Farming in ridges is one of the most effective ways to improve crop yield. In the upper west region, especially in the Jirapa district, farmers grow maize, millet, and other crops in mounds. Unfortunately mounds cannot hold water for a long time and therefore is not good for areas periodic rainfall.
Ridges help improve crop yield by preventing erosion, providing for easier control of weeds, making fertilizer application easier, and more. Farming in ridges does not require extra tools or expenses, making it very cost effective and easy to implement. In fact, farming in ridges is so effective the 49 communities where Literacy Bridge operates have implemented this technique and are all now farming in ridges.
In 2013 Madam Azaadong Mwinnasong, a female farmer from Baazu where Literacy Bridge operates, won the Best Female Promising Farmer award. Madam Azaadong Mwinnasong said she won the award by listening to the Talking Book and implementing the farming in ridges technique which has increased her crop yield.
The interest of every farmer and the nation as a whole is to increase crop yield every year. However this cannot be achieved without educating farmers to adapt to new modern techniques of farming. This makes Literacy Bridge’s Talking Book Program very significant in increasing crop yield in rural Ghana.